By winfred ongom, an ugandan correspondent on nutrition, maternal and child health for social good moms ree percent of ugandas population is of adolescents 10 19 years. Adolescent pregnancy is not only a health issue, but also a human right and development issue. Contraception and unintended pregnancy in uganda guttmacher. Maternal and fetal outcome of gestational diabetes. However there are conditions to be met before a woman could start procreating. As such, female adolescents in uganda face cultural and social pressure from their families to marry young and begin childbearing early 11. This study therefore sought to investigate the behavioural. Aligning local and national concern for maternal health case study full jillian larsen december 2014 introduction pregnancy should be a time of great joy. A comparative analysis of predictors of teenage pregnancy and. Continuation of traditional pregnancybirth rituals may be placing some mothersneonates at risk. This equates to 69,5701 deaths each year due to complications during pregnancy, childbirth and in the first month.
Although women aged 1529 years are the most fertility contributing women in bangladesh, studies are not yet conducted on teenage pregnancy within this group of women. It is governments response, in line with health sector strategic plan ii for 200510, to develop and implement an effective, comprehensive and responsive health system to reach all newborns and their mothers, to reduce. Ending child marriage and teenage pregnancy in uganda. Each girl makes her own reusable menstrual pad and learns. Teenage pregnancy is widely associated by poor achievements in education, poor mental and physical health, poverty, social isolation and other related factors. This study was therefore designed to determine the recent prevalence and identify factors associated with teenage pregnancy in a rural town in nigeria.
Uganda has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in subsaharan africa. Predisposing factors of teenage pregnancy in the uganda. According to the 2011 uganda demographic and health survey dhs, more than four in 10 births are unplanned. United states was the relationship between poverty andteenage pregnancy and the role of adult males as fathers inteenage pregnancies. Uganda policy makes protecting pregnant mothers from malaria. Uganda encourage marriage and childbearing at an early age. Teenage pregnancy occurs in a woman 19 years of age or younger.
Teenage pregnancy rates are high with a mean age amongst mothers of 18. The uganda bureau of statistics ubos 2011 statistics indicate that the number of teenage mothers in the west nile sub region shot from 3. The world population day was marked across the globe on friday. Deaths during the first month of life are 50100% more frequent if the mother is an. Pdf the prevalence of teenage pregnancy in kibuku district was.
The programs funding expired on june 30, 2009, but p. Jul 03, 20 ugandas rate of teenage pregnancy is worryingly among the highest in the world. However, contrary tofindings in the united states, peer pressure did not emerge as a major factor in teenage pregnancies in ghana. What you need to know about teenage pregnancies in uganda. Under half of males aged 1524 who have multiple partners use condoms only around 40% of young people in this age group have a comprehensive knowledge of hiv. Apr 23, 2015 malaria in pregnancy, or mip, significantly increases the risk of serious health issues for both mother and baby, including maternal anemia, miscarriage, stillbirth, prematurity and low birth weight. Agency for international development usaid provided most of the funding for the survey. In east africa many societies continue to face the problem of teenage pregnancies. Since 2001, the government of uganda has been making strides to include malaria prevention for pregnant women in their health policies. With your help, we can reduce teen pregnancy, improve maternal health and keep girls in school. Introduction teenage pregnancy and the consequent teen motherhood are among the major. A study of the high rate of teenage pregnancy in high schools. Statistics and programs congressional research service education, funded by mandatory spending.
This report presents the findings of a formative study on child marriage that was conducted in 10 districts selected from the 9 regions of uganda. Adolescent pregnancy is dangerous for the child given that still births and death in the first week of life are higher among babies born to mothers younger than 20 years than among babies born to mothers of 2029 years old. Reproductive health of young adults in uganda a report based on the 20002001 uganda demographic and health survey. Antenatal services for pregnant teenagers in mbarara. Uganda has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in subsaharan africa. Uganda has one of the highest levels of teenage pregnancy ranked 14th out of 54 countries in africa 7 with 24% of adolescents 19 years in. This report summarizes evidence on the context and consequences of unintended pregnancy and unsafe. Unintended pregnancy is common in uganda, leading to high levels of unplanned births, unsafe abortion, and maternal injury and death. Uganda focused on assessing the extent to which teenage pregnancies affect the health status of teen age. Jul 12, 2014 the world population day was marked across the globe on friday. The researcher questions were divided into two sections, section a contains the respondents personal. Pregnancies in eastern uganda richard sekiwunga 1 and susan reynolds whyte 2 abstract in uganda teenage pregnancy is considered a problem for moral and social, as well as health, reasons.
This study involved outofschool young people aged 19 years from rural southwest uganda. The aim of the study was to investigate behavioural, familial and social factors associated with pregnancy among teenage girls aged 19 years in lira district, uganda. The practice of traditional rituals and customs in newborns. Pregnancy undermines a girls ability to exercise her rights to education, health and autonomy.
Pdf predisposing factors of teenage pregnancy in the uganda. Fact sheet teenage pregnancy kenya context and country statistics adolescent pregnancy and childbearing are common in kenya. The main objective of the research was to identify underlying factors that drive child marriage and potentially other forms of violence such as female genital mutilation and cutting fgmc and early pregnancy. In bangladesh, most of the first pregnancies occur immediately after marriage, especially among teenagers. The social stigma associated with pregnancy outside wedlock is further. Increased age, rural residence, occupationnot working, and knowledge of ovulation cycle were statistically significant predisposing. Additional financial support was received from the department for international development of the british government dfiduganda, the united nations childrens fund unicefuganda, and the united. Although young people in uganda are now starting sex at a later age than in the past, the age. Taking war on teenage pregnancy, early marriage to busoga. An observational study in malawi showed that rates of hiv acquisition are significantly higher during pregnancy than in the postpartum period,1, 2 and data from rakai, uganda, suggested similar trends, but differentials in hiv incidence between pregnant and postpartum women were not significant. For the former, the pregnancy rate is 41 percent and for the latter the rate is 16 percent 10. Maynard 1997 believe that teenage pregnancy is a delinquent behavior resulting from stress, dislike, malice, boredom and unhappiness experienced by a teenage girl within her home environment.
Current studies indicate that teenagers become sexually active in early puberty. While several measures to combat the poor reproductive health performance have been put in place by the government, maternal and. According to qualitative research in uganda, pregnant adolescents face serious socioeconomic, domestic, and relational hardships atuyambe. The 2014 uganda population census faults this on the immense sexual reproductive health problems. Uganda s rate of teenage pregnancy is worryingly among the highest in the world. The rate of teenage pregnancy is at a high and stagnant level of 24% making it a social and public health issue. A woman can get pregnant if she has vaginal sex with a man at any age after shes begun having regular monthly periods. Statistics and programs congressional research service summary in 2014, u. Newborn signs and symptoms that prompt careseeking 42 5. Uganda has a young population 55% of ugandas 31 million people is less than 15 years, and yet their specific health needs have not been taken care of often adolescents fall through the cracks.
This study assessed stakeholders views concerning factors affecting availability, accessibility and utilization of teenager friendly antenatal services in mbarara municipality, southwestern uganda. Uganda is a low income country whose economy is predominantly agricultural, with majority of the population dependent on subsistence farming. Ministry of health, community health department, reproductive health division, uganda, 2006. According to the world health organization who, a maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not. Uganda has for some time now had the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in subsaharan africa at over 25% despite the existence of a law criminalizing defilement. Meanwhile, in uganda, crippling poverty, potholed roads and few resources make it impossible for many pregnant women to reach urban medical facilities. Teenage pregnancy is a public health concern both in developed and developing world. Pdf factors associated with teenage pregnancy and its effects in. Also, there is a growing recognition regarding social economic disadvantages and how they cause teenage pregnancy. Twentyfive percent of ugandas population is comprised of adolescents. Gestational diabetes mellitus is the development of symptoms and signs of diabetes mellitus during pregnancy and the glucose intolerance reverts to normal during puerperium. The study identified the cause and effect of teenage pregnancy among teenagers in kontagora local government area of niger state.
This report summarizes evidence on the context and consequences of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion in uganda. To realise the sdgs in kenya, it is important to reduce the number of teen pregnancies in the country. Uganda has the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in subsaharan africa with over 25% pregnancies among teenagers registered every year. Malaria in pregnancy, or mip, significantly increases the risk of serious health issues for both mother and baby, including maternal anemia, miscarriage, stillbirth, prematurity and low birth weight. A woman can get pregnant if she has vaginal sex with a man at any age after. Globally, about 11 % of all annual births involve adolescents aged 1519 years.
The state of teenage pregnancy in uganda owachgiu d. Like many developing countries, uganda has high maternal mortality ratio at 343 per 100,000 live births. Teenage pregnancy essay sample fresh essays samples. The ankole region of uganda has a population of approximately eight million, and approximately 10,000 live referral hospital births annually. Almost a quarter of kenyan women give birth by the age of 18, and nearly half by the age of 20. Follow the link below to know the levels of teenage. Rwanda 78 per cent, mali 75 per cent, uganda 75 per cent and burkina faso 74 per cent. Increased risk of incident hiv during pregnancy in rakai. This study is an analytical comparative crosssectional study. Predictors of teenage pregnancy among girls aged 19. This qualitative study in busia district focused on the views of teenagers themselves as expressed in 9 focus group discussions with girls and boys.
Jun 24, 20 uganda has for some time now had the highest rates of teenage pregnancy in subsaharan africa at over 25% despite the existence of a law criminalizing defilement. Teenage pregnancy in uganda is on the rise and has become one of the biggest evils plaguing the lives of young girls in the country. Perceptions of adolescent pregnancy among teenage girls in. However, adolescent pregnancy outside wedlock is frowned upon in uganda. Predictors of teenage pregnancy among girls aged 19 years in. Many neonatal deaths are preventable with support for healthy pregnancies, deliveries and newborn care. Continuation of traditional pregnancy birth rituals may be placing some mothersneonates at risk. Teenage pregnancy in uganda raising a woman associationrawa.
Uganda policy makes protecting pregnant mothers from. Factors associated with adolescent pregnancy and fertility. Background to the study one of the salient responsibilities of women is procreation as ordained by god. The situation analysis of newborn health in uganda focuses on the prevailing health and care practices for newborns. Nakayenga is among 24 per cent of teenage girls in subsaharan african, who get pregnant before the age of 19. Factors associated with teenage marital pregnancy among. Unintended pregnancy is common in uganda, leading to high levels of unplanned births, unsafe abortions, and maternal injury and death.
Jul 27, 2016 20160727 the ghana health service ghs has mentioned that over 10,000 cases of teenage pregnancy were recorded nationwide in 2015, adding that the situation is very worrying. Key facts on sexual health in uganda the goal of the adolescent sexual and reproductive. A comparative analysis of predictors of teenage pregnancy. It also prevents her from realizing her potential and adversely impacts the baby. How to be reasonably sure a client is not pregnant. Factors associated with adolescent pregnancy and fertility in. During this time, the teenager is faced with various challenges such as the onset of menstruation in girls and wet dreams in boys. Jul 30, 2018 teenage pregnancy occurs in a woman 19 years of age or younger. Depending on the type of population and the diagnostic criteria used, gestational diabetes is said to. The study adopted the simple percentage survey research design involving 40 teenagers.
Factors associated with teenage pregnancy and its effects in. Tanzania as one of the country in subsaharan africa. A study of the high rate of teenage pregnancy in high. Sadly, the statistics get worse when it comes to uganda. According to the world health organization who, a maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or. The biological onset of adolescence brings not only changes. In subsaharan africa, increasing number of girls are becoming mothers by the age of 18 years old. The practice of traditional rituals and customs in. But for women in uganda, who face a high risk of death or serious disability due to lowquality health services, it can also be a time of great peril. There is a high teenage pregnancy in lake victoria island and mountain districts of. Lifetime risk of dying during pregnancy or childbirth. Uganda has one of the highest rates of adolescent pregnancy in africa with roughly 25 % of young omen in uganda becoming pregnant before the age of 19.
Current status and trends of adolescent health care in uganda. Because most pregnancies that end in abortion are unwanted, nearly all ill health and mortality resulting from unsafe abortion is preventable. May 20, 2011 teenage pregnancy is a public health concern both in developed and developing world. Ugandas rate of teenage pregnancy is worryingly among the highest in the world.
The african ejournals project has digitized full text of. Current status and trends of adolescent health care in uganda dr. According to the uganda bureau of statistics, one in every four teenage girls between 15 and 19 was found pregnant. Teenagers views on adolescent pregnancies in eastern uganda in uganda teenage pregnancy is considered a problem for moral and social, as well as health, reasons. Follow the link below to know the levels of teenage pregnancy in uganda. All in all, there are many factors that can lead to teenage pregnancy tips on pregnancy. According to figures from uganda demographic health survey 2011, as early as 15 years, about 15% of ladies between2029 years were married. The context of adolescent pregnancy and fertility in uganda ugandas national adolescent health policy defines adolescents as people between the ages of 10 and 19 years. Unintended pregnancy and abortion in uganda guttmacher. Using this theory and dhs surveys of eleven countries, we modelled females aged 1519 with multilevel logistic regression to explore teenage pregnancy in west, east and southern africa. Uganda has one of the highest rates of teenage pregnancies in subsaharan africa, estimated at about 25% 16. Nov 26, 2014 by winfred ongom, an ugandan correspondent on nutrition, maternal and child health for social good moms. Demographic and socioeconomic trends in uganda 14 1.791 1035 1078 133 381 381 896 1281 798 7 771 1479 1609 1494 193 402 1404 102 849 148 1096 1487 1275 885 679 337 813 503 168 1104 272 1100 368 448 12 629 1262 900